Who we are
- RCVS Council
- VN Council
- Officer Team
- Committees, subcommittees and groups
- Senior staff
- Work for us
How we work
- The role of the RCVS
- Royal Charter and legislation
- Honours & awards
- Our Service Promise
- Video Guides
News & views
- Events and meetings
- Our consultations
- Webinars and podcasts
- Contact the press office
- Applications - Veterinary surgeons
- Applications - Veterinary nurses
- Applications - Veterinary premises
- Check our Registers
- Maintaining and amending your registration
- Working abroad
- How to apply for Fellowship
- Fellows Directory
- Fellowship Day
- Fellowship Day 2019
- Fellowship Day 2018
- Fellowship Day 2017
- Fellows in Focus
- Professional Development Phase (PDP)
- Continuing Professional Development (CPD)
- Postgraduate qualifications
- Certificate in Advanced Veterinary Practice (CertAVP)
- Diploma in Advanced Veterinary Nursing
- Certificate in Advanced Veterinary Nursing
- Professional accreditation
- RCVS Leadership Initiative
- Practice Standards Scheme
- An overview of the Practice Standards Scheme
- Who runs the Scheme?
- Apply for accreditation
- Apply for awards
- Stanley Video Guides
- Promoting your accredited practice
- PSS Communications Toolkit
- Advice & guidance
- Coronavirus (Covid-19)
- Contact the Advice Team
- Code of Professional Conduct for Veterinary Surgeons
- Code of Professional Conduct for Veterinary Nurses
- Code of Professional Conduct app
- GDPR – RCVS information and Q&As
- Advice on Schedule 3
- Accrediting primary qualifications
- Riding Establishments
- Practice Standards Scheme
- Veterinary professionals: how to raise a concern
- I want to raise a concern about a veterinary surgeon
- I want to raise a concern about a registered veterinary nurse
- Confidential Reporting Line
- Animal owners: how to raise a concern
- A concern has been raised about me
- Disciplinary Committee hearings
- Veterinary Client Mediation Service (VCMS)
- Veterinary professionals: how to raise a concern
How we assess and investigate concerns
There are 3 stages to our investigation procedure, as explained below.
Assessment and investigation
Your Case Manager
Once we have received your completed form, a Case Manager will be assigned to you.
He/she will contact you by telephone within 2 weeks to introduce themselves, provide you with his/her contact details and discuss your concerns.
We will disclose your concerns to the veterinary nurse and to his/ her employer. Please note: if you wish to remain anonymous, or for your identity to remain confidential, we cannot complete this step which may result in your concerns not being taken further. If you are worried about your identity being disclosed, you should discuss this with your Case Manager.
We may ask the veterinary nurse to write to us and comment on the concerns you have raised. We will send a copy of this letter to you so that you can tell us if you disagree with anything they have written.
It may not be necessary for us to contact the veterinary nurse if we have received enough information from you to allow us to assess the concern, or on the other hand, we may need to gather additional information so that we can decide what action we can take.
Your Case Manager may therefore seek information over the telephone, by email, in writing or in meetings, for example:
- from you;
- from the veterinary nurse about whom you have concerns;
- from others at the veterinary practice; and/or
- from anyone who you have told us may have witnessed or have knowledge about any of the incidents you are concerned about.
Your Case Manager may also ask for copies of the clinical records relating any animal you have told us about.
Our investigations could also involve:
- instructing our Veterinary Investigators to visit the veterinary nurse who you are concerned about, and/or to visit you and anyone else who may have knowledge about the incidents, and to report back to the Case Manager;
- obtaining formal witness statements (from you and others); and/or
- obtaining expert reports.
Your Case Manager may, at any time, seek guidance about an investigation from the Chairman of the Preliminary investigation Committee or the Head of Professional Conduct at the RCVS.
Consideration by the Case Examiner Group
Once your Case Manager considers that sufficient information has been obtained to enable your concerns to be assessed (and this may be on the basis of your information alone), they will be considered by a Case Examiners Group.
This Group is made up of your Case Manager; a veterinary Case Examiner and a non-veterinary Case Examiner.
[Please see 'Our terms explained' for information about veterinary and non-veterinary Case Examiners and Veterinary Investigators]
The Case Examiner Group makes its decisions in private, so neither you, nor the veterinary nurse you have raised concerns about, will attend any of its meetings.
The Group will decide whether there is an arguable case that what the veterinary nurse has done, or not done, could affect his/her fitness to practise, ie whether it amounts to serious professional misconduct.
The Case Examiner Group can:
- close the matter with no further action;
- close the matter and issue advice to the veterinary nurse in question; or,
- decide that there is an arguable case against the veterinary nurse and that the case should be referred to the Preliminary Investigation Committee (Stage 2), whose role it is to decide if a case should go to a Disciplinary Committee (DC) hearing.
Decisions by the Case Examiner Group must be unanimous. Where there is no agreement, the case will be referred to the PIC for it to consider.
Upon the authorisation of the PIC Chairman and/or the Head of Professional Conduct, concerns and/or convictions/cautions that are identified by the Case Examiner Group as being of a potentially serious nature may be referred directly to the PIC for investigations to be carried out.
We will write to both you and the veterinary nurse concerned about the decision made by the Case Examiner Group and the reasons for this decision.
Preliminary Investigation Committee
The Preliminary Investigation Committee (PIC) meets to consider whether there is a realistic prospect that what the veterinary nurse has done, or not done, could affect his/her fitness to practise and amounts to serious professional misconduct, and whether the case should therefore be referred to a DC hearing.
PIC meetings are in private, so neither you, nor the veterinary nurse concerned, will attend any of the meetings.
The PIC will receive all the information and documents previously made available to the Case Examiner Group.
Both you and the veterinary nurse concerned will be notified if a matter is going forward to the PIC and will have the opportunity to provide any additional comments and information that you would like it to consider.
When the PIC considers matters, it may require more information before making a decision (see above for the sort of information that it may ask for).
The PIC will, in any event, ask the veterinary nurse you have raised concerns about to supply details of his/her continuing professional development records for the last 3 years, as well as to confirm their indemnity insurance details.
What the PIC can do
The PIC may decide to:
- close the case with no further action;
- close the case and issue advice to the veterinary nurse;
- hold a case open (with or without a follow-up visit by our Veterinary Investigators);
- refer a complaint to the DC for a hearing. It will do this where it considers that there is a realistic prospect of the DC finding that the veterinary nurse’s alleged conduct falls far short of the standard expected of a reasonably competent veterinary nurse. The PIC will do so in particular when it takes the view that the behaviour, if proved, is fundamentally incompatible with his/her being a veterinary nurse and this may include any behaviours in the following (non-exhaustive) list:
- Very poor professional performance where there has been a serious departure from the standards set out in the RCVS Code of Professional Conduct;
- Causing, or causing risk of, serious harm to animals or the public, particularly where there is a breach of trust;
- Offences of a sexual nature;
- Offences involving violence and/or loss of human life;
- Evidence of a harmful or deep-seated personality or attitude problem; and/or
- Dishonesty (including false certification), particularly where persistent or concealed;
- retain a case for ongoing monitoring under the RCVS Health Protocol; or,
- retain a case for ongoing monitoring under the RCVS Performance Protocol.
RVN Disciplinary Committee hearing
If a case is referred to the RVN Disciplinary Committee, there will be a formal hearing.
An RVNDC hearing is like a court hearing and you will probably be asked to attend to give evidence under oath or affirmation (a solemn promise to tell the truth). Other witnesses will also usually be called to give evidence.
Generally, an RVNDC hearing date will be offered within 12 months of the date we received your concerns form.
Appeals from decisions of the RVNDC to suspend or remove an RVN are made to a senior barrister (Queen's Counsel).
For detailed information about the RVN Disciplinary Committee and what it can do, see our Disciplinary Committee page.